Overview

Take advantage of the Lubbock region’s labor force of more than 207,755, including approximately 54,000 college graduates each year. In addition, Lubbock’s cost of doing business continues to rank as one of the lowest cities in the nation. As a pro-business community, Lubbock also has competitive wage rates, affordable land, below-average cost of living, low property taxes and other business-related costs. The following data makes it easy to see why Lubbock is a great place to do business.

  • 207,755 Skilled Workers

    There is no doubt about it – Lubbock’s greatest strength is its educated, diverse and skilled workforce. West Texans are known for their strong work ethic, innovative processes and entrepreneurial spirit.

  • 54,000 College Students

    The Lubbock labor pool is refreshed annually with 10,000 college graduates. More than 54,000 college students are currently enrolled in higher education institutions in Lubbock. Approximately 29 percent of area residents over 25 years of age have a college degree or higher.

  • 1,000+ Acres of LEDA-Owned Land

    LEDA owns more than 1,000 acres of land within the Lubbock Business Park and Lubbock Rail Port, which can be offered as an incentive to help relocate qualifying businesses. To learn more, visit Lubbock Business Park.

Commuter Traffic Patterns

In 2014, an average of about 93,915 residents of the city of Lubbock claimed the city as their place of work. Another 38,220 people work in the city but live elsewhere. Outbound commuting is up modestly over the past decade. About 24,850 residents of Lubbock are employed outside the city limits.

Looking at commuting patterns by industry reinforces the strength of Lubbock as a regional center for West Texas and the South Plains. The city draws in large numbers of workers in education, health care, retail trade and restaurants/bars/hotels. In only a few economic sectors do employment patterns lean more to net outbound commuting. This occurs to some extent in oil/gas/mining, agriculture and construction.

Employment Sectors

Because of “Hub City’s” insulated economy in past recessions due to the diverse sector of industry, overall job levels stalled in each of the last recessions but did not take the sharp dive experienced in other places. This can be credited to two relatively stable economic sectors, health care, and education, providing one-quarter (25%) of the Lubbock MSA’s total employment.

Lubbock is the largest urban center serving the vast rural area of West Texas and Eastern New Mexico. In this capacity, the city services – from retail stores to health care specialties to professional services – are expected to be in relatively high demand

Labor Force Estimates

  • Lubbock MSA Labor Force Estimates
    YearTotal Civilian Labor ForceLabor Force Percent GrowthEmploymentUnemployedUnemployment Rate
    2016158,2672.4%152,8555,4123.4%
    2015154,5030.9%149,2005,3033.4%
    2014153,128-0.1%147,0636,0654.0%
    2013153,2591.2%145,6927,5674.9%
    2012151,493-0.3%143,3198,1745.4%
    2011151,9081.7%142,6989,2106.1%
    2010149,3581.3%139,9549,4046.3%
    2009147,4142.5%139,4397,9755.4%
    2008143,7541.7%138,4085,3463.7%
    2007141,332-1.3%136,2415,0913.6%
    2006143,1360.0%137,4335,7034.0%
    2005143,0680.3%137,1535,9154.1%
    2004142,6100.7%136,1736,4374.5%
  • Educational Attainment 2019 Estimate
     USATexasLubbock MSALubbock CountyLubbock City
    Source: Environics Analytics, 9.23.19
    Population, 2019 Estimate329,236,17528,959,501322,831310,956257,270
    High School or Less, No Diploma
    12.7%17.3%14.9%14.5%14.5%
    High School Diploma or GED27.3%25.2%26.1%25.8%25.1%
    Some College20.7%21.9%24.3%24.4%24.7%
    Associate's Degree8.3%7.0%5.8%5.9%5.9%
    Bacherlor's Degree19.2%18.8%18.2%18.4%18.4%
    Advanced Degree11.8%9.9%10.7%11.0%11.3%
  • Labor Force Participation Rates


    Source:US Census, American Fact Finder, 2015 American Community Survey, 5YR

  • Data & Sources

    Occupation Data
    Emsi occupation employment data are based on final Emsi industry data and final Emsi staffing patterns. Wage estimates are based on Occupational Employment Statistics (QCEW and Non-QCEW Employees classes of worker) and the American Community Survey (Self-Employed and Extended Proprietors). Occupational wage estimates also affected by county-level Emsi earnings by industry.

    State Data Sources
    This report uses state data from the following agencies: Texas Workforce Commission

Wages and Benefits

Local Wages

The Lubbock median hourly rate for all occupations is 19 percent below the Texas median hourly rate of $15.55 and 24.6 percent below the national median hourly rate of $16.71.

Workers’ Compensation

Workers’ compensation is a state-regulated insurance system that provides covered employees with income and medical benefits if they are injured on the job or have a work-related injury or illness. Workers’ compensation insurance coverage limits an employer’s liability if an employee brings suit against the employer for damages. In Texas, private employers can choose whether or not to carry workers’ compensation insurance coverage.

Click here to find out more about workers’ compensation.

Workforce Programs - CWP

Community Workforce Partnership (CWP) – In 2000, LEDA helped form the CWP. The purpose of CWP is to carry out a cooperative program that meets the training, education and information needs of local and regional businesses, industries and the local and regional labor market. Some of the advances that LEDA and the CWPhave helped foster are listed below:

  • South Plains Center for Productivity and Innovation (SPCPI)

    Thanks to the Wagner-Peyser 7(b) grant, local businesses and their employees can benefit from specialized education and training programs offered at the newly opened South Plains Center for Productivity and Innovation. SPCPI is an initiative of the CWP, a 501©(3), made up of a group of local organizations dedicated to meeting the workforce needs of local businesses and industries. The new facility, located at 1622 Mac Davis Lane, will provide training and education in a variety of specialized areas, including Operations and Service Measurements, Continuous Improvement, Service Business Flow and Simulations, Sales Team Strategy and Structure and more.

  • Nursing Grant Program

    Many members of CWP played a role in obtaining the nursing grant awarded to the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center. This grant has been renewed over the years and provides vital funding for instruction, professors and clinical work. The additional funding has helped increase the number of nursing graduates in this region.

  • South Plains Economic Development Task Force (SPEDTF)

    In 2002, the SPEDTF began looking for ways to leverage the many resources of the Lubbock Independent School District (L.I.S.D.) to be available to all students of the South Plains region. This pilot project became the model program for building other industry-led certifications, associate degrees, bachelor’s degrees, and in this case, a doctoral program at Texas Tech University for Mechanical Engineering.

    In addition to starting the Automotive Technician Pilot Project to help facilitate curriculum at the secondary level as well as build a feeder program for post-secondary education for auto technicians, the SPEDTF started other career pathway programs that used this pilot program as a blueprint including:

    • West Texas Manufacturing Association
    • Industrial Manufacturing
    • Allied Heath Programs
    • Cotton Gin Technicians
    • Wind Turbine Technicians
    • Computer Programming Project
  • Additional Partners
    • Skills development grant programs

    • Job fairs

    • South Plains College Workforce Development Division

    • Workforce Solutions of the South Plains

    • Byron Martin Advanced Technology Center

    • Texas Tech University Career Center

Additional Workforce Programs

  • SB1620

    LEDA and its partners began testifying before legislative committees in an effort to raise awareness of business needs being met through our educational process. During the 82nd Legislative Session, LEDA and its partners were instrumental in crafting legislation, SB1620, to address issues regarding building seamless career pathway programs using national industry standards. The bill passed unanimously by the House and Senate enabling LEDA to build education programs for growing businesses with the skill sets that are required for this particular industry. This structure has been a model for many other communities and today, almost every EDC has incorporated a workforce development arm

  • Higher Education Committee

    This is a partnership with area colleges and universities as well as Workforce Solutions to discuss higher education initiatives.

  • Regional Advanced Technology Center

    Currently, in the planning stages, this center would increase access to technology, learning, resources and services to increase the efficiency of school and district operations and to enhance communications and sharing among the business and education community.